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Glass beads, leather, metal beads, fiber
Gift of Norma Canelas Roth and William D. Roth
By the 1970s, Ndebele dolls, umdwana, were represented as more naturalistic figures than in the past. Beadmakers began to add limbs and elaborate capes and more pronounced facial features. Garments and accoutrements on the dolls continued to depict the dress of Ndebele women but without the beaded rings worn by unmarried women that covered the forms of earlier dolls. By the 1980s Ndebele dolls became popular tourist items, and styles have continued to change in response to perceived market demands.